This function marks an atomic vector or data frame as a singleton, i.e. a set with exactly 1 element. Thereby, the value will not turn into an array when encoded into JSON. This can only be done for atomic vectors of length 1, or data frames with exactly 1 row. To automatically unbox all vectors of length 1 within an object, use the auto_unbox argument in toJSON.

unbox(x)

## Arguments

x atomic vector of length 1, or data frame with 1 row.

## Value

Returns a singleton version of x.

## Details

It is usually recommended to avoid this function and stick with the default encoding schema for the various R classes. The only use case for this function is if you are bound to some specific predefined JSON structure (e.g. to submit to an API), which has no natural R representation. Note that the default encoding for data frames naturally results in a collection of key-value pairs, without using unbox.

## References

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singleton_(mathematics)

## Examples

toJSON(list(foo=123))#> {"foo":[123]} toJSON(list(foo=unbox(123)))#> {"foo":123}
# Auto unbox vectors of length one:
x = list(x=1:3, y = 4, z = "foo", k = NULL)
toJSON(x)#> {"x":[1,2,3],"y":[4],"z":["foo"],"k":{}} toJSON(x, auto_unbox = TRUE)#> {"x":[1,2,3],"y":4,"z":"foo","k":{}}
x <- iris[1,]
toJSON(list(rec=x))#> {"rec":[{"Sepal.Length":5.1,"Sepal.Width":3.5,"Petal.Length":1.4,"Petal.Width":0.2,"Species":"setosa"}]} toJSON(list(rec=unbox(x)))#> {"rec":{"Sepal.Length":5.1,"Sepal.Width":3.5,"Petal.Length":1.4,"Petal.Width":0.2,"Species":"setosa"}}